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Table 3 HRH intervention assessed

From: Systematic review on human resources for health interventions to improve maternal health outcomes: evidence from low- and middle-income countries

1. Management systems
-Personnel systems: workforce planning (including staffing norms), recruitment, hiring, and deployment
-Work environment and conditions: employee relations, workplace safety, job satisfaction, and career development Work environment and conditions: employee relations, workplace safety, job satisfaction, and career development
-HR information system integration of data sources to ensure timely availability of accurate data required for planning, training, appraising, and supporting the workforce
-Performance management: performance appraisal, supervision, and productivity
2. Education
-Pre-service education tied to health needs
-In-service training (e.g., distance and blended, continuing education)
- Capacity of training institutions
-Training of community health workers and non-formal care providers.
3. Policy
-Professional standards, licensing, and accreditation
-Authorized scopes of practice for health cadres
-Political, social, and financial decisions and choices that impact HRH
-Employment law and rules for civil service and other employers
4. Leadership
-Support HRH champions and advocates
- Capacity for leadership and management at all levels
-Capacity to lead multi-sector and sector-wide collaboration
- Strengthening professional associations to provide leadership among their constituencies
5. Partnership
-Mechanisms and processes for multi-stakeholder cooperation (interministerial committees, health worker advisory groups, observatories, donor coordination groups)
- Public-private sector agreements
-Community involvement in care, treatment, and governance of health services
6. Finance
-Setting levels of salaries and allowances
-Budgeting and projections for HRH intervention resource requirements including salaries, allowances, education, incentive packages, etc.
-Increasing fiscal space and mobilizing financial resources (e.g., government, Global Fund, PEPFAR, donors)
-Data on HRH expenditures (e.g., National Health Accounts)
  1. Source: Capacity Project [29]